Antinous, Hadrian's Villa

Art and sculptures from Hadrian’s Villa: Marble head of Antinous

This month’s sculpture from Hadrian’s Villa is a marble head of Antinous, one of the ten marble images of Antinous found there. This portrait of Antinous is conserved in the Palazzo Massimo alle Terme in Rome. It is related to a coin type minted in the city of Adramyttium in Mysia (modern Edremit, Turkey) by [...]

Hadrian's Villa, Italy, Mythology, Roman art, Roman villa

Art and sculptures from Hadrian’s Villa: Marble head of Hypnos

This month’s sculpture from Hadrian’s Villa is a marble head of Hypnos, the Greek god of Sleep. Hypnos is represented as a young man with wings attached to his temples (now lost). The head must have been part of a full length statue showing Hypnos running forwards, holding in his hands poppies and a vessel [...]

Hadrian's Villa, Museum, Mythology, Roman art

Art and sculptures from Hadrian’s Villa: Marble head of a female divinity, Persephone?

This month’s sculpture from Hadrian’s Villa is a marble head of a female divinity, probably Persephone, the daughter of Demeter and queen of the underworld. The head is closely related to the head of Persephone which is on display in the Museo Barracco in Rome (the Barracco-Budapest type female head, Inv. MB 85), and to the [...]

Antinous, Hadrian's Villa, Museum, Roman Portraiture

Art and sculptures from Hadrian’s Villa: The Lansdowne Antinous

This month’s sculpture from Hadrian’s Villa is a marble head of Antinous depicted as the god Dionysos, the closest Greek equivalent to the Egyptian god Osiris. It was  unearthed in 1769 during excavations undertook by the art dealer and archaeologist Gavin Hamilton who secured it for Lord Lansdowne. The latter was an avid collector of [...]

Hadrian's Villa, Hellenistic Art, Italy, Museum, Mythology, Roman art

Art and sculptures from Hadrian’s Villa: Marble head of a companion of Odysseus

This month’s sculpture from Hadrian’s Villa is a marble head of a companion of Odysseus, copied after a famous work of the Hellenistic period. This head shows the face of a man that probably belonged to a multi-figure group depicting Odysseus with his twelve companions blinding the one-eyed giant and the most famous of the Cyclopes, [...]

Hadrian's Villa, Italy, Museum, Roman Mythology

Art and sculptures from Hadrian’s Villa: Statue of the young god Hermes, known as ‘Capitoline Antinous’

This month’s sculpture from Hadrian’s Villa is a marble statue of a young nude, the so-called 'Capitoline Antinous'. It was found in 1723/24 during the time when Giuseppe Fede was undertaking the earliest concerted excavations at the Villa Adriana. However its exact provenance within the Villa is unknown. Considering that this work was found at [...]

Hadrian's Villa, Italy, Roman art, Roman Mosaic, Roman villa

Art and sculptures from Hadrian’s Villa: Black-and-white mosaics with geometric and floral motifs

This month’s masterpieces from Hadrian’s Villa are the black-and-white mosaics with geometric and floral motifs from the Hospitalia (guesthouse). The Hospitalia (guesthouse) was a two-storey building. It contained ten T-shaped bedrooms (cubiculae) on the first floor which were located on each side of a long and wide central hallway, at the southern end of which [...]

Hadrian's Villa, Museum, Mythology, Spain

Art and sculptures from Hadrian’s Villa: Eight statues of seated Muses

This month’s masterpieces from Hadrian’s Villa are eight marble statues depicting seated muses. In Greek mythology, the Muses were sister goddesses of music, poetry, and other artistic and intellectual pursuits. Poets and other artists often called on them for inspiration. Zeus, the king of the gods, was the father of the Muses. Their mother was [...]

Hadrian, Hadrian's Villa, Museum, Roman art

Art and sculptures from Hadrian’s Villa: Head of a diademed goddess

This month’s sculpture from Hadrian’s Villa is a head of a goddess made of Pentelic marble. She is wearing a diadem in her wavy hair that are centrally parted and dressed in a chignon at the nape of her neck. It was found in a cryptoporticus near the circular temple dedicated to the Venus of Knidos. [...]

Hadrian, Hadrian's Villa, Roman art

Art and sculptures from Hadrian’s Villa: Marble relief depicting a youth with his horse

This month’s masterpiece from Hadrian’s Villa is a bas-relief representing a boy with a horse, probably Castor taming his horse, accompanied by a dog. This marble slab was carved using the flat ancient style in the manner of Greek works of the 5th century BC.  It was found in an area of Hadrian’s villa known as [...]