This week marks the bimillennial anniversary of the death of the first Roman emperor, Augustus. He died on 19th August AD 14 at the age of 75 after a 41-year reign, the longest in Roman history. Augustus left his mark on Rome and western civilisation like few others. He vastly expanded the Roman Empire, established… Continue reading A tribute to Augustus
Built in 1974 over the remains of a Roman villa, the Romano-Germanic Museum in Cologne houses an extensive collection of Roman artefacts from the Roman settlement of Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (named after Agrippina the Younger, born in Cologne), the capital of the Imperial Province of Germania Inferior. The museum houses the largest worldwide collection… Continue reading The Nerva-Antonines in Cologne
This statue depicts Hadrian nude, in the guise of Mars, the god of war, using a well-known classical body type of the divinity; the Ares Borghese, attributed to the Greek sculptor Alcamenes. Hadrian was the first emperor to be represented in this manner. The statue shows characteristics of early versions of Hadrian's portrait type, indicating that… Continue reading Statue of Hadrian as Mars, Capitoline Museums
The National Roman Museum Palazzo Massimo alle Terme in Rome houses one of the world's most important collections of Greek and Roman art. On the four floors of the museum, sculptures, frescoes and mosaics, coins and jewels document the evolution of the Roman artistic culture from the late Republican age through Late Antiquity. In the rooms… Continue reading The Nerva-Antonines in Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome
Lucius Ceionius Commodus, the future Lucius Verus, was born on December 15 in AD 130. He was the son of Aelius Caesar, Hadrian's first choice as a successor, but Lucius' father died when he was only seven years old. Having lost his first choice as successor, Hadrian designated Antoninus Pius to be his successor and… Continue reading Felix dies natalis, Luci Vere!
The NY Carlsberg Glyptotek in Copenhagen has a spectacular imperial Roman sculpture gallery. Their collection of portraits of the members of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty is particularly impressive. The Nerva–Antonine dynasty was a dynasty of seven Roman Emperors who ruled from 96 AD to 192 AD. These Emperors were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius,… Continue reading The Nerva-Antonines in Copenhagen
Marcus Aurelius was born Marcus Annius Verus on April 26, 121 AD of an aristocratic family of Spanish origin (from Ucubi, a small town southeast of Cordoba in Baetica). He was the last of the five "good" emperors of Rome and a major Stoic philosopher. When Marcus Aurelius was a young child he gained the attention… Continue reading Felix dies natalis, Marce Aureli!
Septimius Severus was born on 11 April AD 145 in the African city of Leptis Magna, whose magnificent ruins are located in modern-day Libya, 130 miles east of Tripoli. --- Although Severus was not a member of the Antonine Dynasty, he and his descendants had close ties with the Antonine emperors. Severus' grandfather was a duumvir under Trajan, his cousins received suffect… Continue reading Felix dies natalis, Septimi Severe!